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Date updated: Jan. 24, 2023

Liptovsky Mikulas

    Liptovský (Svätý) Mikuláš

    Liptovský Mikuláš is the jewel that, although small, is very precious and valuable. It has everything to build and show the potential of tourism. Ideal location, mountains, air, natural and historical attractions. Here you can walk, relax, play sports, go to exhibitions and immerse yourself in the atmosphere of the Middle Ages. Liptovský Mikuláš is a very diverse, colourful Slovak town with an interesting history and a unique atmosphere.

    But Liptovský Mikuláš is interesting not only for its surroundings. Although small, with its population of 34 000 people, it has preserved many historical artefacts, legends and quite real facts. It was here, in 1713, that the Slovak "Robin Hood" - Juraj Janosik - was condemned and executed, and a century later, the demands of the Slovak nation were signed when the Slovaks demanded autonomy in the Austrian Empire.

    Now Liptovský Mikuláš is a town of museums, art galleries, numerous cultural and sporting events. The Slovak Pantomime competition, cheese and bryndza days, as well as international water slalom competitions are held here.

    History of Liptovský Mikuláš

    Liptovsky Mikulas

    The settlement of Liptovský Mikuláš was first mentioned in 1286 in the statute of the Hungarian king Ladislav IV. The centre of the settlement was the Church of St. Nicholas, which gradually grew with residential buildings. The land (until the 20th century) belonged to a noble family with the surname Pongrác. In the middle of the 14th century, one of its representatives got the right to organize a market in Liptovský Mikuláš, since then the settlement developed as a typical medieval town.

    At this time various guilds were formed here, for example the Guild of Blacksmiths, Furriers, Leatherworkers, Butchers, Millers. Liptovský Mikuláš grew and transformed literally before our eyes and in the 17th century it became the capital of the district. In the 18th century, the Slovak "Robin Hood" Juraj Janošík, who was eventually caught and executed by hanging from a hook by the rib, began to become visible in the surrounding area. The fame of the folk hero has survived in legend for centuries, and there are many places in Liptovský Mikuláš that are associated with the name of Juraj Jánošík.

    At the end of the 18th century, many Jews came to the town who, by order of Charles VI, could no longer live in Bohemia, Moravia, Silesia, and the Pongrác family offered them this opportunity. The settlement experienced a new round of prosperity, with Jewish families successfully trading hides, wood, tobacco and other goods not only in the region, but also in neighbouring Poland and Austria. Jews successfully filled the positions of lawyers, doctors, and in 1865, Isaac Diner became mayor of the town.

    The diaspora shaped the city for about two centuries. During World War II, many Jews were deported and died in Nazi death camps.

    Sights

    The town has a distinctive historic centre. It is represented by Oslobodovateľov Square and nearby adjacent streets. This is where you can find most of the sights. 

    Liptovský Mikuláš is the jewel that, although small, is very precious and valuable. It has everything to build and show the potential of tourism. Ideal location, mountains, air, natural and historical attractions. Here you can walk, relax, play sports, go to exhibitions and immerse yourself in the atmosphere of the Middle Ages. Liptovský Mikuláš is a very diverse, colourful Slovak town with an interesting history and a unique atmosphere.

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